Varicose veins are a common condition that can cause a variety of symptoms, including skin eczema. Eczema is a skin condition characterised by red, itchy and scaly patches of skin. It can occur in individuals who have varicose veins due to a number of different factors.
Why varicose veins can cause eczema
Increased pressure on the blood vessels in the legs is one of the main reasons varicose veins can cause eczema. When the valves in the veins become weak or damaged, blood can pool in the legs. This puts extra pressure on the surrounding skin. This increased pressure can cause inflammation and irritation, leading to eczema.
Lymphatic fluid in the legs a contributing factor
Another factor that can contribute to eczema is the accumulation of lymphatic fluid in the legs. Lymphatic fluid is a clear, fluid normally transported through the lymphatic vessels. It helps to remove waste products from the body. When the lymphatic vessels become blocked, lymphatic fluid can accumulate in the legs, causing swelling and inflammation.
Stress can also contribute
In addition, varicose veins can also cause eczema because of the psychological stress and anxiety that can accompany the condition. People with varicose veins may experience feelings of self-consciousness or embarrassment about the appearance of their legs. This can lead to stress and anxiety. This psychological stress can then manifest as eczema.
What are the treatment options?
To treat eczema caused by varicose veins, it is important to address the underlying condition thereby treating the varicose veins. An ultrasound scan can diagnose varicose veins. Self-care measures, such as wearing compression stockings, elevating the legs and exercising regularly can help. Minimally invasive procedures like sclerotherapy or Venaseal can help treat varicose veins. Additionally, using a therapeutic moisturiser, such as fatty cream, and avoiding irritants that can worsen eczema, symptoms can be helpful.