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Venous Ulcer Just Above the Ankle. Leg Crossed.

What are Perforator Veins?

  • News
  • 3 min read

Perforator veins connect the deep leg veins to the surface veins. Their purpose is to equalise the pressure between the inside and the surface of the legs. This is when the leg muscles are contracting and relaxing during walking and running. Blood flow within perforators normally goes from the skin… Read more…What are Perforator Veins?

Senior Woman Holding Left Calf Pain. Post Menopause Leg Artery Disease Incidence Increases. High Cholesterol, Smoking.

Leg Artery Disease in Women

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  • 5 min read

Women are Different The risk of leg artery disease, also called peripheral artery disease (PAD) is increasing. This is especially so with increasing levels of diabetes and obesity. Other important risk factors are age, smoking, cholesterol levels, blood pressure, kidney disease and depression. Being female, or identifying as female gender… Read more…Leg Artery Disease in Women

Man Feels Pain in the Arm Artery Could Mean a Blockage. Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

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  • 5 min read

What is TOS? The arm vein, artery and nerves all pass between the collar bone and the bone of the first rib. When one or more of these gets compressed between these bones, people can get vein or artery blockage or nerve numbness, weakness or pain. Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS)… Read more…Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Showing Woman Lying on Bed Feet to the Camera Hand on Stomach. Pelvic Varicose Veins. Veins in Pregnancy.

What are vulval varicose veins?

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  • 4 min read

Vulval varicose veins affect the vulva, labia and perineum. For many women, they start in pregnancy and may either improve or get worse after they’ve had their babies. In some women, the cause may be conditions that do not relate to pregnancy, such as blood clots (deep vein thrombosis (DVT),… Read more…What are vulval varicose veins?

AI Machine Learning Finger of Robot and Human Finger Touch with Bright Galaxy in Background

AI in Arterial Conditions

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  • 3 min read

What is Artificial Intelligence? AI tells computers to do jobs that people would normally do. For example, AI can read x-rays. Machine learning (ML) uses AI to improve the results of these jobs.   ML using AI is now better than a human at working out if a mole is likely… Read more…AI in Arterial Conditions

Nurse Bandages a Woman's Leg Ulcer. Bandage on Ankle and Foot. Varicose Veins.

What is a leg ulcer?

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  • 4 min read

A leg ulcer occurs when there is a loss of skin cover that lasts for longer than is normal. What is the scale of the problem? Leg ulcers are an increasing problem in New Zealand, affecting about 1.5% of the population. Much of the increase in ulcers is related to… Read more…What is a leg ulcer?

3d Illustration Photo of Inside Woman's Pelvic Region and Abdomen Showing Veins

Pelvic Varicose Veins, What are They?

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  • 3 min read

Pelvic veins are varicose veins located around the uterus and ovaries. Caused by abnormal pelvic veins, these veins allow blood to pool in the pelvis, rather than being returned to the heart. Risk factors include multiple pregnancies, previous pelvic surgery and family history. What are Pelvic varicose veins symptoms? Pelvic… Read more…Pelvic Varicose Veins, What are They?