Perforator veins connect the deep leg veins to the surface veins. Their purpose is to equalise the pressure between the inside and the surface of the legs. This is when the leg muscles are contracting and relaxing during walking and running. Blood flow within perforators normally goes from the skin… Read more…What are Perforator Veins?
What is MALS? MALS is a condition where a diaphragm ligament (median arcuate ligament) narrows the main artery to the stomach, liver, spleen and pancreas. This is called the coeliac artery. It mostly will affect young women who have stomach pain after eating or exercise. They might also have nausea,… Read more…MALS – Median Arcuate Ligament Syndrome
Women are Different The risk of leg artery disease, also called peripheral artery disease (PAD) is increasing. This is especially so with increasing levels of diabetes and obesity. Other important risk factors are age, smoking, cholesterol levels, blood pressure, kidney disease and depression. Being female, or identifying as female gender… Read more…Leg Artery Disease in Women
What is TOS? The arm vein, artery and nerves all pass between the collar bone and the bone of the first rib. When one or more of these gets compressed between these bones, people can get vein or artery blockage or nerve numbness, weakness or pain. Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS)… Read more…Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
Vulval varicose veins affect the vulva, labia and perineum. For many women, they start in pregnancy and may either improve or get worse after they’ve had their babies. In some women, the cause may be conditions that do not relate to pregnancy, such as blood clots (deep vein thrombosis (DVT),… Read more…What are vulval varicose veins?
What is Artificial Intelligence? AI tells computers to do jobs that people would normally do. For example, AI can read x-rays. Machine learning (ML) uses AI to improve the results of these jobs. ML using AI is now better than a human at working out if a mole is likely… Read more…AI in Arterial Conditions
Obese people often have leg swelling. This arises from two main mechanisms. The first is high blood pressure in the veins, which causes a build up of fluid in the legs. The second is reduced mobility because of difficulty with everyday activities, such as walking and exercise. Why is weight… Read more…Leg Swelling and Obesity – a Common Problem
A leg ulcer occurs when there is a loss of skin cover that lasts for longer than is normal. What is the scale of the problem? Leg ulcers are an increasing problem in New Zealand, affecting about 1.5% of the population. Much of the increase in ulcers is related to… Read more…What is a leg ulcer?
Pelvic veins are varicose veins located around the uterus and ovaries. Caused by abnormal pelvic veins, these veins allow blood to pool in the pelvis, rather than being returned to the heart. Risk factors include multiple pregnancies, previous pelvic surgery and family history. What are Pelvic varicose veins symptoms? Pelvic… Read more…Pelvic Varicose Veins, What are They?
What are surface blood clots? The current term for surface blood clots is superficial vein thrombosis (SVT). The terms phlebitis or superficial thrombophlebitis are also common. Surface blood clots are a common condition affecting up to 57% of patients with varicose veins. They may also affect some patients without varicose… Read more…All About Surface Blood Clots and their Treatments